Dizziness & Balance
About Meniere’s Disease
Recurrent episodes of vertigo associated with fullness or blockage in the ear, tinnitus and hearing loss may suggest a diagnosis of Meniere’s disease. While the cause of Meniere’s disease is not known, it is thought to be due to a build-up of endolymph, one of the two types of inner ear fluid systems. Patients are troubled most by recurrent attacks of vertigo lasting several hours. Moderate to severe permanent hearing loss may also result from the cumulative effect of repeated attacks. The goal of treatment is to reduce the severity and frequency of attacks. Other treatment options include injection of corticosteroids into the middle ear. Hearing assistance devices may be useful for patients who suffer disability from permanent hearing loss.