Ear & Hearing

About Otitis Media With Effusion

Infection in the middle ear often happens when there is blockage of the Eustachian tube, resulting in accumulation of middle ear fluid and subsequent bacterial infection. Paediatric patients often have concomitant adenoiditis (infection of the adenoids). Symptoms range from a sensation of a blocked ear, to hearing loss and pain in the ear. Early or mild disease can usually be treated effectively with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications; if the condition is persistent or severe, surgery may be necessary to drain the infected fluid and to re-establish ventilation of the middle ear. This is known as myringotomy (making an incision in the ear drum) and insertion of a ventilation tube (a.k.a myringotomy or Grommet tube).