Head & Neck
While thyroid gland nodules, lymph nodes and salivary gland tumours are the most common types of lumps found in the neck, other less common nodules and cysts may be found in the neck. The location, features on scans of the neck (ultrasound, CT or MRI) and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), if appropriate, may give clues to most likely diagnosis. The definitive treatment for most of these cysts or lumps, however, is surgical excision.
Surgical excision is performed under general anaesthesia. The usual approach is an incision that is hidden in a skin crease line of the neck. The lump is carefully dissected from the surrounding tissues, taking care to identify and preserve vital structures that are located in and around the gland.
The extent of surgery depends on pre-operative diagnosis and the findings of your surgeon during the operation. Pathological examination of tissues removed during the surgery may occasionally be requested. The extent of surgery varies depending on the diagnosis and this issue will need to be explained and discussed with you before surgery.