Ascent Ear Nose & Throat
Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy Specialist In Singapore
Enlarged inferior turbinates are the most common cause of nasal obstruction. It is vital to understand your symptoms and seek medical treatment as soon as possible, as early diagnosis and management can reduce the complications of inferior turbinate hypertrophy.
Providing the highest standard of ENT care in Singapore and the region.
Senior ENT surgeons with internationally-recognised fellowship training.
4 Clinics conveniently located in Orchard, Napier Road, Thomson, and Joo Chiat.
Common Symptoms of Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy
Reduced sense of smell
Prolonged nasal congestion
Runny or stuffy nose
What Is Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy?
Inferior turbinate hypertrophy is a condition where the tissues on the lateral or outside walls of the nose become too large, causing nasal obstruction. The nasal turbinates are long, narrow passageways that moisten and warm the air flowing through the nose, with the inferior turbinates being the largest and most prominent of the turbinates.
Complications of Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy
Severe difficulty breathing
Obstructive sleep apnoea
Common Causes of Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy
Chronic sinus inflammation or infection
For Singaporeans & Singapore Permanent Residents
Insurance & Medisave Partners
Certain ENT procedures are claimable under Medisave, and the exact amount would depend on the procedure. For more information, please speak to our friendly clinic staff about using your insurance plan, Integrated Shield Plan, or Medisave.
Diagnosis of Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy
Your doctor may look at your symptoms and examine the inside of your nose to detect signs of blockage. They may also review your family and medical history.
This test involves inspecting the inside of your nasal passages and cavity using an endoscope, a thin, fibre-optic viewing instrument.
Imaging tests such as X-rays or CT scans can view your nasal passages to determine the severity of the blockage. These tests also help eliminate other possible causes of blockage, such as a deviated nasal septum.
A skin prick test may be conducted by placing several substances and common allergens on your skin to see if there is any allergic reaction.
Treatment Options for Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy
Medications can alleviate symptoms of inferior turbinate hypertrophy.
Common medications used are:
- Allergy medications such as cetirizine (Zyrtec) or loratadine (Claritin, Allegra)
- Nasal antihistamine sprays
- Nasal saline sprays or rinses
- Corticosteroid sprays
For certain severe cases, surgery may be required to reduce the size of the turbinates if symptoms do not improve with time or medication.
Common turbinate reduction procedures may include:
- Coblation of inferior turbinates. This is a day procedure where ultrasound energy is applied to the nasal airway lining to reduce swelling, particularly from conditions such as allergic rhinitis.
- Inferior turbinoplasty. Inferior turbinoplasty involves removing a portion of the bone and nasal lining.
- Partial inferior turbinectomy (PIT). This procedure involves removing soft tissue from the inferior turbinate to promote airflow.
- Submucosal diathermy (SMD). Submucosal diathermy utilises a special needle called a diathermy needle, which uses heat energy to shrink the soft tissue inside the turbinates.
Our Main Clinic
Feel free to drop by our clinic and meet our specialist
Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre 3 Mount Elizabeth #09-03, Singapore 228510
Other Practice Locations
Gleneagles Medical Centre
6 Napier Road #03-12 Singapore 258499
Frequently Asked Questions
Is inferior turbinate hypertrophy serious? When should I visit a doctor?
In most cases of inferior turbinate hypertrophy, treatment may not be necessary if the swollen turbinates are not severe. Furthermore, the turbinates will also typically return to their original size after treatment and recovery.
However, if left untreated, some symptoms such as nasal blockage and difficulty breathing may cause discomfort and affect daily functioning. You should seek immediate medical attention if your symptoms worsen or persist for an extended period of time.
What increases the risks of inferior turbinate hypertrophy?
- Family history of allergic rhinitis
- Hormonal changes during menstruation or pregnancy
- Side effects of medications
How to prevent inferior turbinate hypertrophy?
- Manage allergies and asthma
- Avoid exposure to nasal irritants and allergens such as tobacco smoke, pollen and dust
- Practice good personal hygiene by washing or sanitising your hands often
- Place a humidifier in your bedroom
- Avoid smoking
- Avoid things that you may be allergic to
- Use a nasal rinse or spray to wash off irritants or allergens from your nasal passages